Guide to Ergonomic Office Workstation Design
An office workplace design should meet the needs of the business and protect workers from ergonomic strain.
This diagram can serve as a guide to designing an ergonomic workstation for your office employees.
Key guidelines for office workstation design
- Worker posture should be properly maintained while tasks are being performed.
- A 90-degree angle should be maintained between the back and upper legs, upper and lower legs, and upper and lower arms.
- The worker's head should be up and level.
- Feet should be flat or on a foot rest - not dangling.
Ergonomic Office Workstation Design Tips:
- Adjustable seat height
- Five legs for stability
- Flooring-appropriate casters
- Rounded, padded front seat edge
- An easily swiveling seat
- Firm, supportive backrest with angle and height adjustment
- Padded for comfort but ventilated to prevent heat accumulation
- If arm rests are included, they should not hamper arm movement
- Keyboard stand height should be adjustable to be level with the elbow
- Keyboard should need only slight to moderate pressure on the keys while typing
- Angle of the surface should be adjustable
- When properly placed, is flat or angled only slightly upward
- Slightly concave keys will better form to fingers
- Needs a swivel base
- Screen top should be no higher than eye level and not more than 15 degrees below eye level
- Should have anti-glare screen which is kept clean
- Should not be positioned in front of a bright light source
- Should be placed about 18-24 inches from the worker's face
- Should have a tilt screen
- Distance and height are the same as for the monitor screen
- Allow ample leg room
- Roomy enough for the worker's needs
- Has "immediate access zone" for the mouse
- Ample space for knees (at least 30" wide x 19" deep x 27" high)
- Construction should be durable
- Work surface should not be dark colored to avoid too much contrast
6. Office Space
- Should not fill spaces with furniture, boxes or drawers
- Avoid bright lights within the worker's field of vision
- Lighting should be steady
- If additional lighting is needed, consider task lighting
- Noise level should not be distracting
- Keep the work space clean and dust levels low
- The work area should have ample air circulation
- Workspace temperature and humidity should be relatively comfortable at 68-72 degrees Fahrenheit and 30-50% humidity
Following office ergonomic guidelines when creating your workstation design could help prevent strain and injury that could cause workers to suffer and lead to workers' compensation claims.
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